THE EFFECT OF CHANGE IN POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION ON BUDGET AND BUDGET PLANNING

ATTENTION:
BEFORE YOU READ THE CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!

INFORMATION:
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420





THE EFFECT OF CHANGE IN POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION ON BUDGET AND BUDGET PLANNING

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Nigeria as a country has being under continous change politically; the issue of budget and budget planning and development varies from one political administration to the other. With the incoming of new political administration, a new budget planing and implemetation will be the order of the day.

Before we go deep into the study; we will first of all define budget: A budget  according to Olurankise , 2012 defined budget as a framework for revenue and expenditure outlays over a specified period usually one year.

In other words, budget can simply be defined as an instrument stipulating policies, it can also be a programme that aimed at realizing the overall development aims and objectives of a government. This aim varies from government to government; take a look at the past political era under the leadership of president Goodluck Ebele Jonathan to the new era under the leadership of president Buhari from the year 2015 till date. In this present adminstration the issue of budget is on the high side, from missing budget to budget padding and so on.

In very political regime, budget and budgeting development and implemmentation has brought about so many controversies to step by step orderly process for preparation and administration of budget in Nigeria. The concepts of budgeting and ideology varies from one political administration to the other. This variation continue to increase as a new adminstration takes over from the previous adminstration and so on.

Take a critical look at the 2013 budget, we see that the controversy placed on the national assembly from oil benchmark has limited the adminstration and passage of the 2013 budget.

The government agencies and other agencies incharge of spending can not spend or plan budget without the go ahead from the federal minmstry of finance under the warrant from the governor of the state or the preseident of the country.

It is to this very issue that the researcher wishes to carryout a comprehensive research on the effect of change in political adminstration on budget and budget planning in Nigeria.

1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

The change in political adminstration in Nigeria has had significant effect on budget planing and development; over the years, the change in political adminstration has had either limitation to budget planning or budget implemmentation. This planning and implemmentation has affected but the private and the public sectors in Nigeria. the change in political adminstration has  can have effect on the circulation of money.

The extent of  spending authorization here is only determined in the  functional cash flow forecast for the period when payments are expected as scheduled. During this particular phase of budget planning and implementation, there are a lot of possibilities for interventions and also manipulations having it in mind that government  officials have the discretionary power to choose which spending ministry or agency will be given the  authorization to spend. In Nigeria, budget planning and implemmentation  process includes the following:

1. budget preparation by the executive

2.  legislative approval and,

3.  implementation by the different ministry, department and parastatal of the government.

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The specific aims of this research work are:

1. to examine the effect of change in political adminstration on budget planing and implementation

2. to examine the relationship between change in political adminstration on budget and budget planning

3. to determine the roles of the legislative approval in budget and budget planning.

4. to determine the factors affecting budget and budget planning.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION

In order to achieve the above aims, the study came up with the following research questions. The research questions are stated as follows:

1. what is the effect of change in political adminstration on budget planing and implementation?

2. what is the relationship between change in political adminstration on budget and budget planning?

3. what are the roles of the legislative approval in budget and budget planning?

4. what are  the factors affecting budget and budget planning?

1.5 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The research hypothesis are stated below as follows:

Hypothesis 1

H0: there is no significant relationship between change in political administration on budget and budget planning

H01: there is significant relationship between change in political administration on budget and budget planning

Hypothesis 2

H0: there is no mean difference in gender responses of the respondents that change in political adminstration affects budget planing and implementation

H1: there is  mean difference in gender responses of the respondents that change in political adminstration affects budget planing and implementation

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The research work will be of immense benefit to both the state and the federal government of Nigeria, it will also be of great importance to the minstry of finance, the people of Nigeria, students and other research that wishes to carryout a similar research on the above topic.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study the effect of change in political administration on budget and budget planning covers the issues and prospects of the Nigeria budget from the past administration to the present adminstration.

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

 Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

BUDGET: A Buget is a quantitative expression of a plan for a defined period of time. It may include planned sales volumes and revenues, resource quantities, costs and expenses, assets, liabilities and cash flows. It expresses strategic plans of business units, organizations, activities or events in measurable terms.

BUDGETING: Budgeting is the process of creating a plan to spend your money. This spending plan is called a budget. Creating this spending plan allows you to determine in advance whether you will have enough money to do the things you need to do or would like to do.

BUDGET PLANNING: Budgeting, planning and forecasting (BP&F) is a three-step process for determining and detailing an organization's long- and short-term financial goals. The process is usually managed by an organization's finance department under the Chief Financial Officer's (CFO's) guidance.

POLITICS: the activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate between parties having power.

POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION:


 The Politics-administration dichotomy is a theory that constructs the boundaries of public administration and asserts the normative relationship between elected officials and administrators in a democratic society.

HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK

PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).

HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#5,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to
08068231953 or 08168759420

(1)    Your project topics
(2)     Email Address
(3)     Payment Name
(4)    Teller Number
We will send your material(s) immediately we receive bank alert

BANK ACCOUNTS
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Bank: GTBank.

OR
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 2023350498
Bank: UBA.

HOW TO IDENTIFY SCAM/FRAUD
As a result of fraud in Nigeria, people don’t believe there are good online businesses in Nigeria.

But on this site, we have provided “table of content and chapter one” of all our project topics and materials in order to convince you that we have the complete materials.

Secondly, we have provided our Bank Account on this site. Our Bank Account contains all information about the owner of this website. For your own security, all payment should be made in the bank.

No Fraudulent company uses Bank Account as a means of payment, because Bank Account contains the overall information of the owner

CAUTION/WARNING
Please, DO NOT COPY any of our materials on this website WORD-TO-WORD. These materials are to assist, direct you during your project.  Study the materials carefully and use the information in them to develop your own new copy. Copying these materials word-to-word is CHEATING/ ILLEGAL because it affects Educational standard, and we will not be held responsible for it. If you must copy word-to-word please do not order/buy.

That you ordered this material shows you have agreed not to copy word-to-word.


FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:
08068231953 or 08168759420



AFFILIATE LINKS:
myeasyproject.com.ng
easyprojectmaterials.com
easyprojectmaterials.net.ng
easyprojectsmaterials.net.ng
easyprojectsmaterial.net.ng
easyprojectmaterial.net.ng
projectmaterials.com.ng
googleprojectsng.blogspot.com
myprojectsng.blogspot.com.ng
https://projectmaterialsng.blogspot.com.ng/

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON NIGERIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (1990-2014)

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEMS OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCILS IN NIGERIA

THE IMPACT OF MICROFINANCE BANK ON ECONOMIC GROWTH OF NIGERIA